introduction to Oil and Gas Facilities

Oil and Gas well Most people argue that oil and gas wells produce crude oil and pure gas. Whereas actual gas wells produce a fluid whose content is a mixture of hydrocarbon gas, oil, water, large quantities of salt; other gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) that highly toxic and lethal. Oil and gas wells also produce solids, such as sand from underground / reservoirs, dirt, and corrosion products from tubing. In the Upstream oil and gas business, oil and gas processing companies work to separate the fluids with solids, remove dirt and other unused substances to produce crude oil or gas ready for sale. Ready-made crude oil has limits to the maximum limits of water, salt, and other impurities. Oil companies such as Chevron or Exxon built field oil facilities used to process or separate produced fluids into crude oil and gas. Oilfield facilities differ from refineries or chemical plants in several ways. This process is simpler in a facility, which does not consist of chemical reactions to create new molecules, but from separation, temperature changes or pressure changes. here are some key functions of oil and gas facilities: separating oil, gas, water, and solids[…]

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how is separation process in oil and gas facilities

how is separation process in oil and gas facilities? many people do not understand how is separation process in oil and gas facilities. there are many steps take place during separation of crude oil in oil and gas facilities. In crude oil facilities, we separate crude oil from water, gas, sand and other impurities. the separation take place in many locations.   Crude oil separation process in oil and gas facilities – 1st step production fluid from well head will flow to a separation station, which some oil company call it as Gathering station. In this Gathering station, production fluid is separated to 3 fluid types: gas, liquid and sand. The first separation process is gas separation. the gas stream is separated from production fluid in a vertical pressure vessel separator. The gas stream go to top pressure vessel, and the rest production fluid flow to the bottom side. Crude oil separation process in oil and gas facilities – 2nd step the second step separation is liquid separation. water is separated from production fluid in a Big Tank. In this tank, water will stay at the bottom side while crude oil stays at the top side. crude oil density is[…]

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what are oil and gas facilities function?

what are oil and gas facilities function? there are many oil and gas facilities classification available. Some people classifying mechanical facilities into 2 large groups. Number one is Fixed equipment and the second is rotating equipment. According to this classification, mechanical engineer work in oil and gas company, sometime divided into 2 large group i.e mechanical engineer – fixed equipment and mechanical engineer – rotating equipment. Mechanical engineer- fixed equipment job is maintain the fixed equipment integrity, make sure the fixed equipment can be operated safely. these group also called as asset integrity engineer or mechanical integrity engineer. in opposite, mechanical engineer-rotating equipment job is maintain rotating equipment reliability.  This group is also known as Reliability engineer.   oil and gas facilities function- fixed equipment fixed equipment example are heat exchanger, pressure vessel, Boiler, tank, vent stack, stripper, column vessel, flare stack, vent stack, piping and pipelines. There are many heat exchanger type available in oil and gas industry such as shell and tube exchanger and fin fan exchanger. TEMA – Tubular exchanger manufacturer association divide heat exchanger into many types base on the physical shape of tube and head. Oil and gas facilities has many type and function. Below[…]

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