PODS – Pipeline Open Data Standard

PODS pipeline open data standard Good morning for engineers or other professions related to pipeline and data management. After the pipeline operates, the pipeline data becomes very important because it deals with process safety and personal safety around the pipeline. To create a good pipeline data management, we need the cooperation of several professions, that is Pipeline engineer Geodetic engineer IT engineer Inspection Engineer Database engineer Software for PODS Pipeline Open Data Standard What data is needed for the pipeline? very much… design information, operational condition,  inspection results , history of pipeline repair, drawing, pipeline material, pipeline size etc. Due to the amount of data involved, there are some software or applications used to store the data. Software or applications commonly used are: Geographical Information system (GIS). The main function of this software is to provide visualization of existing data. In some previous articles, I’ve been talking about GIS. Oracle.[…]

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Process Flow Diagram (PFD) – Piping and Instrument Diagram (PID)

Process Flow Diagram or Piping and instrument diagram For an engineer, the drawing is everything. An engineer must understand all drawing i.e Process Flow Diagram (PFD), Piping and Instrument Diagram (PID), Isometric drawing, engineering drawing, manufacture drawing, welding-map drawing or As-built drawing. Engineer who cannot read drawing can be considered as a blind engineer. Which drawing is the most important? Every drawing is important, depending on the purpose we use it. PFD-Process Flow Diagram is a helicopter view of a plant. From this drawing, we can see the production process in general, the stage of production and capacity in every process. If we have just hired in a plant, then the first thing to look for and learn is PFD – Process Flow Diagram. Piping and Instrument Diagram The second stage of understanding the PFD-Process Flow Diagram, we should be able to read the PID-Piping and Instrument Diagram. In this[…]

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Introduction to Pipeline Code ASME B31.4

The most popular pipeline code in the industry is ASME B31.4. Mechanical engineer is required to understand this code if he want to be hired by Oil and Gas Company. Basically ASME B31.4 specifies requirements for design, material selection, construction / assembly procedures, inspection / testing, and maintenance of liquid pipe systems between fields or production facilities, tank farms, above or underground storage facilities, processing plants natural gas, refineries, pumping stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, railway, and truck), and other delivery and receiving points, as well as fluid-carrying pipelines in pumping stations, tank farms and terminals associated with piping systems liquid. ASME has several times revised the ASME B31.4 code. This revision is done in accordance with the needs of pipe design and others. ASME also made title changes so that its coverage also changed. Mechanical engineer and pipeline engineer need to refresh their understanding in accordance with the current[…]

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Entry level Mechanical Engineer must learn Process Piping code ASME B31.3

Some of mechanical engineering students  learns basic design of piping and pipeline in college. we must learn some piping and pipeline code in industry that we never get it in college. The most popular piping code is ASME B31.3 that used in process piping and ASME B31.1 for power piping. Process piping is a piping system installed inside a plant that used to connect equipment. This Code has the intent to be an engineering requirement in designing a safe piping system in both design and installation. But, one thing must be kept in mind, that the Code does not apply to the operation, examination, inspection, testing and maintenance or repair of piping that already operate or “in service”. Although this Code is an “engineering requirement” for a safe design, in principle it only uses a simple approach only. In other words, if the Designer has the ability to perform a[…]

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