piping and pipeline, the most frequent equipment in oil and gas industry for mechanical engineer

Piping and pipeline in oil and gas industry There are many types of equipment available in the oil and gas industry. Which one I should learn first? For a fresh graduated mechanical engineer, I suggest you learn about piping and pipeline. Piping is similar equipment with the pipeline. The design of piping is similar to pipeline design. The piping inspection method is similar to pipeline inspection. Piping location is inside of a plant. Pipeline location is outside the plant. If you expert in piping, you will be an expert in the pipeline. Compare to other equipment like a pressure vessel or tank, piping/pipeline is the most frequent equipment. There are a lot of jobs available in piping and pipeline area. You can choose many jobs whether in the engineering phase, construction phase or in the maintenance phase. If you choose to focus on the engineering phase, then you need to[…]

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Introduction to piping system in Oil and Gas Industry

Piping system In the oil and gas industry (especially in the downstream and upstream), we recognize 3 types of piping system, i.e. Process plant piping system, non-process plant Piping system and Utility piping system. The process Plant piping system is sometimes referred to as process piping. As the name suggests, this piping system is closely related to the reaction process inside the plant that processes raw materials into ready-to-sell materials. For example, in Ammonia Plant, the raw material is natural gas and the product is an ammonia liquid with a temperature of -33 deg C. Process piping is very closely related to the product of a plant, not just as a support facility. Nonprocess plant piping system is a piping system that is not directly related to the final product of the plant or piping system that serves as a supporter of a more important system. For example is a[…]

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Introduction to Piping Engineering in Oil and Gas Company

Piping engineering as an engineering discipline has not been widely known by the wider community. Piping engineering is only recognized in the certain working community primarily in an engineering community and people whose work is related to Engineering, Procurement, Construction Company or known as EPC Company. The EPC Company job is to carry out the detailed engineering design of the project, procure all the equipment and materials necessary, and then construct to deliver a functioning facility or asset to their clients. Some of the famous EPC companies are WorleyParsons, Technip, Samsung Engineering and Saipem. In the academic circles, Piping engineering is not so well known when compared with other engineering fields such as Mechanical engineering. The website about Mechanical engineering is much more than the Piping engineering website. Piping engineering is also not included in the 5 major branches of engineering i.e. Aerospace engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering,[…]

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oil and gas facilities pipeline material – API 5L PSL1

what is oil and gas facilities pipeline material? PSL 1 and PSL 2 oil and gas facilities pipeline material most used is carbon steel. The API – American Petroleum Institute makes a standard named Specification for Line Pipe – API 5L. Carbon steels are widely used in the oil and gas industry despite their corrosion resistance is limited. These materials are preferred to others because of economic considerations. The API 5L pipe steel is a low carbon steel, which is used for the fabrication of transmission pipelines. in general, there are 2 PSL ( product specification level ) ie PSL 1 and PSL 2. The development of technology for high strength pipeline steel such as X-80, X-100, and X-120 through thermo-mechanical process allowed a reduction in wall thickness and sometimes an improvement in corrosion resistance. However, the API 5L pipe is still susceptible to aqueous corrosion so inhibitor addition is[…]

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