fluid mechanic calculation for centrifugal pump

Fluid mechanic application in oil and gas industry

What is fluid mechanic? In the oil and gas industry, we are dealing with fluid mechanic problems every day. What is fluid? What is the nature and character of the fluid? To solve this problem we need to understand fluid mechanic basic. Mechanics is physics that deals with stationary objects and moves in the influence of forces. 1) Branches of mechanics that deal with stationary objects are called statics, and 2) The branch of mechanics that deals with moving objects are called dynamics Fluid mechanics is the science that deals with the nature of the fluid in a state of silence (fluid statics) or fluid in a moving state (fluid dynamics), and the interaction of the fluid with solids or other fluids at the surface of its boundary. Fluid mechanics is often also called fluid dynamics by looking at silent fluid as a special case of fluid moving at zero speed. Fluid statics deal with silent fluid problems. Example: fluid in a glass, fluid in a pressure vessel, fluid in a reservoir, etc. Silent fluid is in equilibrium (the resultant force acting on it is equal to zero). In a silent fluid (fluid does not flow) there is no shear[…]

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application of geographical information system GIS

Development of geographical information system GIS At present, the development of the geographical information system GIS is dominated by the private company. They recruit skilled experts from the campus and search opportunities (markets) for their products both in private institutions and government. The number of GIS developer companies is increased from a relatively small software house level to large companies like ESRI. ESRI  (environmental systems research institute) founded by Jack Dangermond & Laura Dangennond in 1969. According to ESRI industry analysts, it became the leading provider in the GIS system and the most dominant company. In 1981 ESRI released ARC / INFO. This tool successfully implemented ideas about the separation of attributes and spatial. As has been done by its predecessor device; CGIS from Canada. Besides that ARC / INFO also succeeded in marrying standard relational database  technology (INFO) with spatial data processing software (ARC). In the mid-1980s, ARC / INFO supports multiple operating system platforms. And in 1986, the PC version of ARC / INFO was developed. Because many PCs are scattered & this device is quite reliable, then ARC / INFO is known throughout the world. In 1991, ESRI developed the desktop version of ArcView. Display ArcView features[…]

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API & ASME – Code and standard used in oil and gas industry

American Petroleum Institute (API) The American Petroleum Institute (API) is an associated organization of various industries in the United States engaged in petroleum and natural gas. API currently has distributed more than 200,000 technical pieces standards to all over the world. The purpose of these standards is to help its users in an effort to increase efficiency and savings in the operation of their businesses, by still referring to legislation, safeguarding the safety and health of the community, and not forgetting to preserve the environment. In addition to producing standards, codes and implementation guidelines relating to piping, tanks, vessels, and equipment in the oil and gas industry, the APL also provides instructions on maintenance matters, inspections of equipment that is working, evaluating components is experiencing a decline in ability, also referred to as “fitness-for-service” or “for-purpose fitness.” Although it is recognized that most documents produced by the API are for consumption in the oil and natural gas industries, many standards Relevant API and can be used for the petrochemical industry in general. Some API Standards that are often used in Engineering are as follows: 5L  Specification for Line Pipe 510 Fired Heater Tubes 520 Sizing, Selection, and Installation of Pressure-Relieving[…]

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