Introduction to piping system in Oil and Gas Industry

Piping system In the oil and gas industry (especially in the downstream and upstream), we recognize 3 types of piping system, i.e. Process plant piping system, non-process plant Piping system and Utility piping system. The process Plant piping system is sometimes referred to as process piping. As the name suggests, this piping system is closely related to the reaction process inside the plant that processes raw materials into ready-to-sell materials. For example, in Ammonia Plant, the raw material is natural gas and the product is an ammonia liquid with a temperature of -33 deg C. Process piping is very closely related to the product of a plant, not just as a support facility. Nonprocess plant piping system is a piping system that is not directly related to the final product of the plant or piping system that serves as a supporter of a more important system. For example is a[…]

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Introduction to Piping Engineering in Oil and Gas Company

Piping engineering as an engineering discipline has not been widely known by the wider community. Piping engineering is only recognized in the certain working community primarily in an engineering community and people whose work is related to Engineering, Procurement, Construction Company or known as EPC Company. The EPC Company job is to carry out the detailed engineering design of the project, procure all the equipment and materials necessary, and then construct to deliver a functioning facility or asset to their clients. Some of the famous EPC companies are WorleyParsons, Technip, Samsung Engineering and Saipem. In the academic circles, Piping engineering is not so well known when compared with other engineering fields such as Mechanical engineering. The website about Mechanical engineering is much more than the Piping engineering website. Piping engineering is also not included in the 5 major branches of engineering i.e. Aerospace engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering,[…]

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introduction to Oil and Gas Facilities

Oil and Gas well Most people argue that oil and gas wells produce crude oil and pure gas. Whereas actual gas wells produce a fluid whose content is a mixture of hydrocarbon gas, oil, water, large quantities of salt; other gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) that highly toxic and lethal. Oil and gas wells also produce solids, such as sand from underground / reservoirs, dirt, and corrosion products from tubing. In the Upstream oil and gas business, oil and gas processing companies work to separate the fluids with solids, remove dirt and other unused substances to produce crude oil or gas ready for sale. Ready-made crude oil has limits to the maximum limits of water, salt, and other impurities. Oil companies such as Chevron or Exxon built field oil facilities used to process or separate produced fluids into crude oil and gas. Oilfield facilities differ[…]

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ultrasonic testing, the most powerful and easiest inspection method in oil and gas industry

Ultrasonic testing One of the most common and easiest inspection methods in the oil and gas industry is Ultrasonic testing or commonly known as UT. UT is a non-destructive testing technique based on the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the material tested. Usually, very short ultrasonic pulse-waves with center frequencies ranging from 0.1-15 MHz, is transmitted into materials like carbon steel to detect material thickness or to find internal defect inside the material. UT equipment consists of several parts that have different functions such as Pulser / receiver, transducer, and monitor screen. Pulser / receiver is an electronic equipment that can produce high-voltage electrical pulses. the transducer produces high-frequency ultrasonic energy. The ultrasonic energy is discharged and dispersed through or entered into the test material in a waveform. If there is a defect or discontinuity (such as crack) on the wave path, then some energy will be reflected back from[…]

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