oil and gas facilities pipeline material – API 5L PSL1

what is oil and gas facilities pipeline material? PSL 1 and PSL 2 oil and gas facilities pipeline material most used is carbon steel. The API – American Petroleum Institute makes a standard named Specification for Line Pipe – API 5L. Carbon steels are widely used in the oil and gas industry despite their corrosion resistance is limited. These materials are preferred to others because of economic considerations. The API 5L pipe steel is a low carbon steel, which is used for the fabrication of transmission pipelines. in general, there are 2 PSL ( product specification level ) ie PSL 1 and PSL 2. The development of technology for high strength pipeline steel such as X-80, X-100, and X-120 through thermo-mechanical process allowed a reduction in wall thickness and sometimes an improvement in corrosion resistance. However, the API 5L pipe is still susceptible to aqueous corrosion so inhibitor addition is a frequent corrosion control measurement “In the preparation of this document, the technical committee maintained the concept of two basic levels of standard technical requirements for line pipe expressed as two product specification levels (PSL 1 and PSL 2). Level PSL 1 provides a standard quality level for line pipe.[…]

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CMMS (asset management software) best practice for Scheduling in Oil and Gas Company

What is the CMMS best practice for scheduling? many people asking about CMMS best practice for scheduling in Oil and Gas Company.what are the difference between planning and scheduling? Planning is a set of Planner activities to prepare a job that will be conducted by a crew in a certain location. For example, a mechanic crew will conduct a boiler feed water pump overhaul in a Power Plant. In a planning phase, a planner will conduct some activities such as job assessment. is a boiler feed water pump overhaul need spare part? what are the spare parts? how many the spare part quantity? do we have the spare part in our warehouse? how many mechanic crew required to conduct a boiler feed water pump overhaul? do we need electrician crew to support the boiler feed water pump overhaul? do we need a heavy equipment like a crane to support the feed water pump overhaul? CMMS best practice for scheduling after preparing the job, we have all resource, spare part and supporting equipment for a boiler feed water pump overhaul. the next phase is scheduling activities. A planner have some jobs that ready to be scheduled. here some example: boiler feed[…]

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how is separation process in oil and gas facilities

how is separation process in oil and gas facilities? many people do not understand how is separation process in oil and gas facilities. there are many steps take place during separation of crude oil in oil and gas facilities. In crude oil facilities, we separate crude oil from water, gas, sand and other impurities. the separation take place in many locations.   Crude oil separation process in oil and gas facilities – 1st step production fluid from well head will flow to a separation station, which some oil company call it as Gathering station. In this Gathering station, production fluid is separated to 3 fluid types: gas, liquid and sand. The first separation process is gas separation. the gas stream is separated from production fluid in a vertical pressure vessel separator. The gas stream go to top pressure vessel, and the rest production fluid flow to the bottom side. Crude oil separation process in oil and gas facilities – 2nd step the second step separation is liquid separation. water is separated from production fluid in a Big Tank. In this tank, water will stay at the bottom side while crude oil stays at the top side. crude oil density is[…]

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role of mechanical engineer in project management

what is the role of mechanical engineer in project management? there are many role of mechanical engineer in project management. A mechanical engineer has higher opportunity to get various role compare to other engineering disciplines.  Project usually start with FEED and end with commissioning or “Put In Service” and then project close out. In FEED – Front End Engineering design, Process engineers will be the key person. they will make the grand design and calculate input & out parameters like flow rate of main material until product capacity. the project deliverable is a set of Process Flow Diagrams (PFD) Role of mechanical engineer in project management – Detail engineering phase in detail engineering phase, project team will have many groups. they will develop PID, equipment package, equipment engineering design, Piping classes, bill of material etc. A mechanical engineer may contribute as  Piping engineer or Pipeline engineer who design process piping in a plant and pipeline specification. a mechanical engineer may choose as Pressure vessel engineer or tank engineer who design the pressure vessel and tank. a mechanical engineer may be take a role as welding engineer who design the welding specification in the project. Role of mechanical engineer in project[…]

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