How to be the best Mechanical Engineer

The [ way to get the ] the best people is always you train them , said Jack Ma. When you graduated from Mechanical Engineering University, do you thought you have all required skill to be the best Mechanical engineer? of course not. College give us some knowledge and set of skill to be Mechanical Engineer. At least, they prepared us to get a good job in industry. What is the next step after we are hired by a company? First, we need to know the required set of skill in our new role. Second, we figure out the visions of success to measure our progress. Third, we conduct gap assessment and the last is prepare training plan. Below is example of metric used for Asset Integrity Engineer or Facility Engineer – Asset Integrity. Some company may have enough budget to train new employee. But some company do not provide budget to train their employee. Please bear in your mind that skills and certifications are attached to our self not to the company. So don’t be stingy to get certified by API, ASME, ASNT or other organization. Another important thing is job assignment. During specific job assignment, we learn a[…]

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Process Flow Diagram (PFD) – Piping and Instrument Diagram (PID)

Process Flow Diagram or Piping and instrument diagram For an engineer, the drawing is everything. An engineer must understand all drawing i.e Process Flow Diagram (PFD), Piping and Instrument Diagram (PID), Isometric drawing, engineering drawing, manufacture drawing, welding-map drawing or As-built drawing. Engineer who cannot read drawing can be considered as a blind engineer. Which drawing is the most important? Every drawing is important, depending on the purpose we use it. PFD-Process Flow Diagram is a helicopter view of a plant. From this drawing, we can see the production process in general, the stage of production and capacity in every process. If we have just hired in a plant, then the first thing to look for and learn is PFD – Process Flow Diagram. Piping and Instrument Diagram The second stage of understanding the PFD-Process Flow Diagram, we should be able to read the PID-Piping and Instrument Diagram. In this drawing we can see all equipment installed, “process piping” used to connect between equipment and instrumentation used to control process at plant. PFD-Process Flow Diagram is the deliverables of the process engineer while PID is the result of a collaboration of all disciplines engineer. If you can understand all the[…]

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Introduction to Pipeline Code ASME B31.4

The most popular pipeline code in the industry is ASME B31.4. Mechanical engineer is required to understand this code if he want to be hired by Oil and Gas Company. Basically ASME B31.4 specifies requirements for design, material selection, construction / assembly procedures, inspection / testing, and maintenance of liquid pipe systems between fields or production facilities, tank farms, above or underground storage facilities, processing plants natural gas, refineries, pumping stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, railway, and truck), and other delivery and receiving points, as well as fluid-carrying pipelines in pumping stations, tank farms and terminals associated with piping systems liquid. ASME has several times revised the ASME B31.4 code. This revision is done in accordance with the needs of pipe design and others. ASME also made title changes so that its coverage also changed. Mechanical engineer and pipeline engineer need to refresh their understanding in accordance with the current code. Prior to designing the pipeline, we must state that this design refers to certain ASME code editions in order to avoid misunderstanding. The two most frequently discussed points are about the thickness of the pipes and the pipeline ability to maintain operating pressure or MAWP. As time goes by,[…]

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Entry level Mechanical Engineer must learn Process Piping code ASME B31.3

Some of mechanical engineering students  learns basic design of piping and pipeline in college. we must learn some piping and pipeline code in industry that we never get it in college. The most popular piping code is ASME B31.3 that used in process piping and ASME B31.1 for power piping. Process piping is a piping system installed inside a plant that used to connect equipment. This Code has the intent to be an engineering requirement in designing a safe piping system in both design and installation. But, one thing must be kept in mind, that the Code does not apply to the operation, examination, inspection, testing and maintenance or repair of piping that already operate or “in service”. Although this Code is an “engineering requirement” for a safe design, in principle it only uses a simple approach only. In other words, if the Designer has the ability to perform a more detailed and in-depth analysis, then he may do so, by making a documentation of the results of his calculations and of course must get approval from the Owner, and attach details of the design, construction, examination, inspection and testing for design in accordance with ASME B31.3 paragraph 301, with[…]

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